TIP Strategies is a privately held Austin-based economic development consulting firm committed to providing quality solutions for public and private‑sector clients.
This blog is dedicated to exploring new data and trends in economic development.
By: By KEVIN SCHAUL, TIM WALLACE and ADRIENNE CARTER
Via: The New York Times
Wine regions have been developing across the country, as diverse landscapes and weather patterns allow states to grow a variety of grapes. Related article . . .
Michigan | More Than Juice
ECONOMIC IMPACT $800 million
TOP VARIETALS Riesling, gewürztraminer, pinot gris
Michigan has 15,000 acres devoted to grapes, but largely the Concord and Niagara varieties used to make juice, jams and jellies. Many recent plantings have been for European grape varieties, vitis vinifera, to support the growing wine industry.
In 1974, Edward O’Keefe helped introduce vinifera grapes to Michigan, establishing Chateau Grand Traverse on Old Mission Peninsula.
Virginia | From Tobacco to Wine
ECONOMIC IMPACT $750 million
TOP VARIETALS Merlot, cabernet franc, viognier
Virginia’s early winemaking endeavors ended largely in failure, including the grape-growing efforts of Thomas Jefferson. After the passage of the Virginia Farm Winery Act in 1980, the industry started to gain traction and is now one of the fastest-growing segments of agriculture. It has helped reshape the agriculture business in a state dominated by livestock and field crops.
One of the oldest wineries, Barboursville Vineyards, was founded by the Zonin family, which now owns one of the largest private winemaking companies in Italy. Under the watch of its winemaker, Luca Paschina, Barboursville sells more than 38,000 cases a year; its Octagon 2008 retails for nearly $50.
Texas | Wine vs. Weather
ECONOMIC IMPACT $1.8 billion
TOP VARIETALS Black Spanish, sangiovese, tempranillo
In an area known for bulls and brisket, wine is a challenging business. Vineyards face disease, pests and a tumultuous growing season with hail, drought, thunderstorms and frost. In a tough year, some vintners have to buy grapes to ensure they can make wine.
In one of the earliest ventures, the cattle rancher Ed Auler and his wife, Susan, started Fall Creek Vineyards in 1975. Fall Creek is in Texas Hill Country, which has more than 20 percent of the state’s wineries.
New York | The Big Grape
ECONOMIC IMPACT $3.8 billion
TOP VARIETALS Riesling, gewürztraminer, cabernet franc
In the 1950s, Konstantin Frank, a professor of plant sciences from Ukraine, helped establish the Finger Lakes wine region by proving that vitis vinifera could thrive in the cold climate. While wineries are scattered across the state, the Finger Lakes accounts for more than a quarter of the total.
Hermann J. Wiemer, whose family produced wine in Germany for more than 300 years, moved to the Finger Lakes region in the 1960s. Mr. Wiemer focused, in part, on riesling, helping to establish it as one of most notable varietals in the state.
Oregon | Grass-Roots Growers
ECONOMIC IMPACT $2.7 billion
TOP VARIETALS Pinot noir, pinot gris
As land prices rose in California in the 1960s, Oregon had an influx of winemakers. Many trained at the viticulture and enology department at the University of California, Davis. Willamette Valley, near the Cascades, is the state’s largest wine-producing region, focusing on pinot noir, pinot gris and other grape varieties that do well in its climate.
Although it is one of the largest producers in Oregon, Erath Winery, founded by the Davis alumus Dick Erath, still doesn’t compare in size to its big California brethren. Last year, Erath sold 150,000 cases.
California | World Champion
ECONOMIC IMPACT $62 billion
TOP VARIETALS Chardonnay, cabernet sauvignon
When Prohibition ended in 1933, California’s wine industry, which traces its roots to Franciscan missionaries in the late 18th century, bounced back relatively quickly. In 1968, the state had more than 230 wineries.
California gained international recognition after the Judgment of Paris in 1976, a blind tasting that surprised the world when two of the state’s wines — Chateau Montelena Chardonnay 1973 and Stag’s Leap Wine Cellars Cabernet Sauvignon 1973 — beat their French counterparts. Now, California accounts for 90 percent of the country’s production, selling $22 billion annually in the United States.
E. & J. Gallo Winery, one of the largest wineries in the world, owns more than 16,000 acres in California, more than four times the acreage for vineyards in all of Virginia.
By: Nathan Yau
Via: Flowing Data
I’ve been poking around grocery store locations, courtesy of AggData, the past few days.
There’s a grocery store just about everywhere you go in the United States, because, well, we gotta eat. They look similar in that they sell produce on one side, meat in the back, and snacks and soda on the side opposite the produce. Magazines and small candies are carefully situated at eye-level by the cash registers. There’s usually a deli counter and prepared foods near the bread section. And yet, despite the generic format and layout, these stores can remind us of places and specific periods of our lives.
When I was a kid, I’d go to Save Mart and you’d get hit with the aroma of cupcakes and fresh bread from the bakery right at the entrance. They had cake samples at the counter, which was too high for me to reach, so my mom would grab me a piece. I totally get the “like a fat kid loves cake” line.
In college, I went to Safeway, and they had this magical barrier around the parking lot that prevented carts from rolling away and to deter people from stealing them. There always seemed to be homeless guy grasping a bottle held in a paper bag. It was probably milk. Two 12-packs of soda for five bucks? Yes, please.
When I was in Buffalo, I went to Wegmans. Somehow it was busy almost any time I went but the lines were almost always short. They had good, inexpensive grapefruit juice.
Then there’s the Targets and Walmarts, which are ubiquitous and seem to remind you of everywhere and nowhere at the same time.
It’s fun to poke around at these memories. What do your grocery stores remind you of?
The maps above show grocery stores with at least two hundred locations in the United States. I used a dissimilarity index and k-means for categorization, which popped out geographic distributions more or less. More to come.
By: Shan Carter and Kevin Quealy
Via: The New York Times & Flowing Data
Shan Carter and Kevin Quealy for The New York Times updated their housing prices graphic from a couple of years ago.
Behind the data
The Standard & Poor’s Case-Shiller Home Price Index for 20 major metropolitan areas is one of the most closely watched gauges of the housing market. The figures for April were released June 25. Figures shown here are not seasonally adjusted or adjusted for inflation.
By: Jonathan Rothwell
Workers in STEM (science, technology, engineering, and math) fields play a direct role in driving economic growth. Yet, because of how the STEM economy has been defined, policymakers have mainly focused on supporting workers with at least a bachelor’s (BA) degree, overlooking a strong potential workforce of those with less than a BA. A new report from the Brookings Metropolitan Policy Program presents a new and more rigorous way to define STEM occupations, and in doing so presents a new portrait of the STEM economy.
Graphics by Christopher Ingraham
Sources: Based on Brookings analysis of data from the Department of Labor’s O*NET program, the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the American Community Survey and the Strumsky Patents Database.
Via: Flowing Data
When you talk to different people across the United States, you notice small differences in how people pronounce words and phrases. Sometimes different terms are used to describe the same thing. Bert Vaux’s dialect survey tried to capture these differences, and NC State statistics graduate student Joshua Katz mapped the data.
For example, the above shows how people refer to two or more people. In the north and west, people commonly say “you guys” but it’s “ya’ll” in the southeast.
Similarly, some pronounce “pajamas” with a long “a,” whereas others use a soft “a.”
Then there’s the classic soda vs. pop vs. coke.
There’s a whole bunch more here , 122 maps in total. It’s interactive, albeit a bit slow.
By: Will Oremus for Slate
Via: Spatial Analysis
The United States and China may be the world’s biggest economic engines, but on this gorgeous map of the world’s flight paths, Europe glows brighter than either one.
The map, designed by a young Canadian GIS consultant named Michael Markieta, traces some 60,000 routes on major and regional airlines around the globe. The flight paths aren’t precise, but the departure and destination cities are. Marketa’s map shows shows relatively faint blue lines for each individual route and bright white nodes where multiple routes intersect or overlap.
One of the things that leaps out at first glance is the plethora of connections in the Eastern United States, East Asia, and most of all Europe, which makes sense given those regions’ wealth and population density.
By contrast, almost the entire Southern Hemisphere is dim, save for a few bright spots in cities such as Sao Paolo and Syndey. The relative brightness of vacation spots like the Canary Islands compared to nearby African countries like Morocco highlights the persistent economic disparities in air travel patterns.
The busiest U.S. airport is Atlanta, but the Washington-New York-Boston corridor appears to be the most heavily traveled overall. A 2009 Brookings study found that the busiest city pairs were New York-Miami and Los Angeles-San Francisco.
Perhaps the most fascinating thing about the map is that there’s no “base layer” tracing the outlines of countries or continents. Instead, the flight routes themselves sketch the edges of the world’s major land masses, because so many people live in and travel between coastal cities.
Markieta, who works for the global engineering and design firm Arup, has answered questions about the map on Twitter and Reddit, and he explains his methodology in depth in this blog post.